Dates are the fruit of the date palm (or Phoenix dactylifera) of the Phoenix genus, which contains 19 species of wild date palms. There are 3 classifications of dates: dry, semi-dry and soft. Date fruits range from bright red to bright yellow in color, and are very sweet with a sugar content of about 80 percent when dried. Dates are a source of iron and protein.
Dry dates are often pitted and stuffed with a variety of fillings, like nuts, candied orange, tahini etc.