Eggplants, or aubergine, is a species of the nightshade family Solanaceae. Eggplants have a spongy, absorbent inner flesh. Both its skin and seeds are edible. There are many vultivars, with colors ranging in color (white, bi-colored, yellow, purple, black etc), shape and size. Eggplants are low in nutrients.

Eggplants become tender when cooked and develop a deep and complex flavor. To avoid discoloration, cut just before cooking. Because of its spongy interior, eggplants readily absorb oils and sauces which enhances the flavor of eggplant dishes.