Einkorn wheat, or Triticum monococcum, was one of the first plants to be domesticated and cultivated. It is low-yielding, but thrives on poor, dry soil and fares better than other wheat in the same situations. Einkorn has more protein than modern red wheats, and is more nutritious. It is a good source of protein and iron.
Because Einkorn wheat doesn't have much gluten, it won't rise as well as other wheats, but can be used in a variety of recipes like cookies, chips, pasta, crusts and salads. Two popular brands include Jovial Foods (Italy) and Daybreak Mill (Canadian).
Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains, roots, beans, nuts, or seeds. It is used to make many different foods. Cereal flour is the main ingredient of bread, which is a staple food for most cultures. Wheat is the most common base for flour, as is corn flour and rye flour. Cereal flour consists either of the endosperm, germ, and bran together (wholegrain wheat flour) or of the endosperm alone (all purpose flour).