Pomegranate juice is extracted from the arils (seeds) of the fruit of the pomegranate. The juice is very flavorful on its own, it can be sweet or sour, but most fruits are moderate in taste. The juice can be reduced down into pomegranate molasses or fermented into pomegranate vinegar.
Pomegranates come from the Punica granatum, a fruit-bearing shrub (botanically a berry). Pomegranates can range in color from pink, white, yellow and purple, the most common being the red variety. It is estimated that there are some 500 different cultivars of Pomegranate grown world-wide.