wheat semolina

Wheat semolina is the coarse wheat middlings of durum wheat. It is a pale yellow color, and is often used as the base for dried products (couscous) and to flour baking surfaces to prevent sticking. The wheat berries are fed into a mill, and the rollers gradually remove the bran and germ while the endosperm (starch) is cracked into coarse bits. The lot is sifted, and so the endosperm, particles and semolina is separated.