Yellow bell peppers, or capsicum, are medium to large in size. The smooth skin is firm, glossy, and pale green when young, transforming to bright yellow with age. They have a mild, sweet flavor, and are a good source of vitamin C, iron, calcium and vitamin A.
They can be served raw, or baked, sauteed, roasted and grilled. Red bell peppers keep 1-2 weeks when stored unwashed in the refrigerator.
Peppers, or the fruit (botanically berries) of the capsicum plants, have a variety of names depending on place and type. The more spicy varieties are commonly called chili peppers. The large, mild form is called bell pepper, or by color green pepper, green bell pepper, red bell pepper. The misleading name 'pepper' was given by Christopher Columbus when he brought back a plant to Europe. The word pepper was given to all spices in Europe that had a hot and pungent taste.